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Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)
Posted on: June 17th, 2015 by admin

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)

1. What is MERS?

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a viral respiratory illness. Pathogens is coronavirus (CoV) was first described in September 2012 in Saudi Arabia and called syndrome coronavirus causing respiratory infections in the Middle East (MERS-CoV).

2. What are the symptoms and complications that MERS can cause?

Most people confirmed to have MERS-CoV infection have had severe acute respiratory illness with symptoms of:
• fever
• cough
• shortness of breath
Some people also had gastrointestinal symptoms including diarrhea and nausea/vomiting. For many people with MERS, more severe complications followed, such as pneumonia and kidney failure. About 3-4 out of every 10 people reported with MERS have died. Most of the people who died had an underlying medical condition.
Some infected people had mild symptoms (such as cold-like symptoms) or no symptoms at all; they recovered. People with pre-existing medical conditions (also called comorbidities) may be more likely to become infected with MERS-CoV, or have a severe case. Preexisting conditions have included diabetes; cancer; and chronic lung, heart, and kidney disease. Individuals with weakened immune systems are also at higher risk for getting MERS or having a severe case. The incubation period for MERS is usually about 5 or 6 days, but can range from 2-14 days.

3. How does the virus spread?

MERS-CoV, like other coronaviruses, is thought to spread from an infected person’s respiratory secretions, such as through coughing, sneezing. Person-to-person spread of MERS-CoV, usually after close contact, such as caring for or living with an infected person.

4. How can I help protect myself?

Currently, there is no vaccine to prevent MERS-CoV infection. People help protect themselves from respiratory illnesses by taking everyday preventive actions:
• Wash your hands often with soap and water. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
• Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, then throw the
tissue in the trash.
• Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands.
• Avoid personal contact, or sharing cups or eating utensils, with sick people.
• Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces and objects, such as doorknobs.

5. What should I do if I had close contact with someone who has MERS?

If you have had close contact with a confirmed MERS case within the last 14 days without using the recommended infection control precautions, you should contact a healthcare provider for an evaluation

6. When to visit?

For those who have fever or other symptoms of respiratory tract infections such as cough, shortness of breath for at least 14 days after arriving in the countries of the Arabian Peninsula or the countries that have come to health facilities to be examination
and counseling.

7. The prevention of infection MERS-CoV

• Restrict travel to countries in the Middle East with epidemics when not needed. Before
traveling to find out information on the disease situation destination to actively take measures to prevent infection to themselves.
• Personal hygiene, wash hands frequently with soap, using an antiseptic mouthwash.
• It should cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, preferably with a cloth or handkerchief to reduce the spread of respiratory secretions.
• Limit direct contact with sick people with acute respiratory infections; the need for contact with the patient must wear a surgical mask properly and keep a distance when exposed.
• Avoid contact with animals, pets, if already in contact should wash their hands with soap.
• People returning from the Middle East Region, Korea within 14 days if there are signs of respiratory tract infection such as fever over 38 ° C, cough, shortness of breath or have close contact with people who have such signs, needed within the nearest medical
facility for counseling, testing, testing MERSCoV

Source/: www.cdc.gov

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